Within the study of psychology there are five main approaches:
- Cognitive Psychology
- Developmental Psychology
- Physiological Psychology
- Social Psychology
- Individual Differences
An approach is a view that involves certain assumptions (i.e. beliefs) about human behaviour; how to address the problem of explaining human behaviour and what research methods to adopt when investigating behavioural phenomenon.
Each approach has its strengths and weaknesses and no single explanation is “right” – they all provide a different insight and contribution to our understanding of human behaviour.
You will need to develop a major understanding of the key approaches in psychology in order to become familiar with the theoretical aspects of psychology.
What you need to know for Section C of the G542 exam:
- Assumptions of the approach
- How the approach explains how we behave the way we do
- Studies that take the approach and the similarities and differences between these
- The strengths and weaknesses of the approach